Periodontal disease or gum disease is the next cause why an individual suffers from tooth loss. This disease often begins with bacterial growth in plaque buildup, causing gums to be inflamed and to bleed easily while brushing teeth. Plaque’s existence in the gum line can later form into tartar if not thoroughly cleaned. Plaque and tartar build up in the gum line could cause gingivitis, which is the first stage of periodontal disease. Gingivitis if not treated soon, could lead to periodontitis that inflames surrounding gums of the tooth. During this stage, your gums begin to pull away from your teeth creating dental pockets, which causes bacteria build-up. These bacteria damage the connective tissues leading to possible tooth loss.
Periodontal Disease Treatments
There are various treatments available today for gum disease. It all depends on what stage it is. These treatments may range from non-surgical to surgical to restore the current gum health.
- Deep Cleaning. This treatment is done using a local anesthesia. Dental plaque and tartar are removed from the gum line are called scaling. Whereas, removing and smoothing the rough spots on the tooth root are called planing. Scaling and Planing removes further bacteria and gives you a much more cleaner and smoother surface for the gums to attach to the teeth. It is usually done if your dentist or periodontist finds out that you currently have plaque and tartar under your gums that need to be scraped away.
- Dental Cleaning or Oral Prophylaxis. During your six months cleanup, your dentist or hygienist will have to remove the plaque buildup from the tooth surface and the gum line of every tooth. If you have signs of an advanced gum disease, your dentist or hygienist will have to recommend that you visit more than twice a year for your dental cleanings.
- Bone graft. This treatment makes use of the bone that is destroyed by gum disease. They will serve as a stage for the bone growth, which enables the tooth to restore its tooth stability.
- Pocket reduction surgery. This treatment involves the reduction of space between the gum line and tooth to decrease area where bacteria grow and worsen your oral health.
Most dentists believe that “Prevention is better than cure”, gum disease can be fought by practice better oral hygiene regularly. Brush and floss after every meal and have your gum pockets checked by a dentist every six months. That way, you can prevent gum disease from advancing to the next stage which leads to tooth loss and further oral damage. Schedule an appointment with your dentist today to have your gums checked and bring back that smile you’ve wanted to show off!Leave a reply →