Periodontal disease, otherwise known as gum disease, is a chronic inflammation of the surrounding tissues and supporting structures of the tooth.
Periodontal disease is often caused by the accumulation of plaque and tartar that irritates the gum tissues around the tooth resulting to gum infection. A gum infection can develop into deep dental pockets and if left untreated, the infection will progress to the jaw bone which can lead to tooth loss.
Treatment of periodontal disease often starts with scaling and root planing. It is a non-surgical procedure performed to thoroughly clean the tooth by scrapping the accumulated plaque and tartar and polishing the rough spots in the tooth. For more effective periodontal treatment, a local antibiotic is applied into the dental pockets after scaling and root planing procedure. This serves as an adjunct therapy to eliminate bacteria present in dental pockets which were not removed during scaling and root planing.
This local antibiotic is called Arestin. It is a powerful antibiotic that eradicates the presence of bacteria that causes periodontal disease. It comes in powder form which is directly applied to the dental pockets post scaling and root planing procedure.
Arestin uses the microsphere delivery system – drug substance is made into tiny particles that are smaller than sand grains and are invisible to the eye – to deliver the antibiotic minocycline hydrochloride directly to the infected area. This antibiotic provides sustain release minocycline which fights the infection for up to three weeks after the scaling and root planing procedure.
Benefits of Arestin are:
- It directly works in the area of infection.
- It eliminates the presence of bacteria that causes periodontal disease.
- It significantly reduces the depth of dental pockets caused by periodontal disease.
- It reduces gum bleeding.
Although Arestin is beneficial to some patients, there are conditions where it is contraindicated. Arestin should never be used to patients with allergic history to minocycline and tetraclycine, to children and to those pregnant and nursing mothers. No known clinical studies were conducted to show if the drug is safe to use for immunocompromised patients.
Always remember to follow your dentist’s instructions after undergoing Arestin therapy. You can resume your oral hygiene practices such as tooth brushing, 12 hours after the treatment and dental flossing, 10 days after the treatment. Also, avoid foods that can harm your gums for one week. Talk to your dentist if you have further questions regarding the use of Arestin.Leave a reply →